Gross Booking Revenue (GBR)

Definition: What is Gross Booking Revenue?

Gross Booking Revenue (GBR) is a financial metric that represents the total revenue generated by renting out a room or property before taking into account any costs or expenses. 

In simpler terms, GBR is the total amount of money you receive from bookings without subtracting any deductions, such as service fees, cleaning fees, or commissions. When calculating GBR, you should consider all sources of revenue that contribute to the total amount, including booking fees, pet fees, parking fees, etc. 

Understanding GBR allows you to track your property’s performance and make data-driven decisions for your business. You can compare your GBR with industry benchmarks or competitors to identify areas for improvement or determine pricing strategies. With a friendly and conversational tone, learning about GBR can help you optimize your business operations and maximize your revenue.

Origin of the Term

Gross Booking Revenue (GBR) is a crucial performance indicator in the vacation rental and hotel industry. It provides insights into the total revenue generated by renting out rooms or properties. The need to measure business success more accurately led to the development of GBR. 

Traditional revenue measurements were insufficient, as they failed to account for certain expenses and costs. GBR provides a more comprehensive approach to assessing financial success by considering revenue before deducting costs and expenses. 

With the tourism and travel industry continually expanding, property owners and hoteliers need concrete financial metrics to evaluate their businesses’ health, making GBR an essential metric.

Synonyms and Antonyms

You might come across various terms that are used interchangeably. These synonyms include sales, gross income, turnover, and gross sales. These terms refer to the total revenue generated before any costs or expenses are subtracted.

On the other hand, antonyms for Gross Booking Revenue would be terms with opposite meanings, such as net income or net revenue. These terms specifically focus on the revenue after deductions, such as costs and expenses, have been considered.

Practical Application

GBR is a crucial metric in the vacation rental and hotel industry. It measures the total revenue generated by room or property rentals before any costs, such as fees, commissions, taxes, and expenses, are deducted. Calculating GBR helps you to get a clear understanding of your property’s performance and make informed decisions to improve profitability. 

To calculate GBR, consider the occupancy rate, average daily rate, and the number of bookings. With this data, you can compare your property’s performance to that of competitors, adjusting pricing strategies and marketing efforts accordingly. 

It is essential to note that online travel agencies (OTAs) like Expedia also use GBR to determine their revenue and performance. Therefore, it becomes even more important to understand this metric in the travel industry. 

Be sure to recognize that GBR is not the same as net profit. This is because it does not consider costs associated with operations, maintenance, management fees, and property taxes, among other expenses.


Let’s look at a few examples that highlight the concept of GBR and its impact on sales and management decisions.

  • Sales: Suppose you manage several vacation rental properties and aim to increase revenue. You have 8 two-bedroom ocean-view units, each rent for $100 per night. If all are booked for 365 nights per year, your GBR potential is $36,500 x 8 = $292,000. You can better manage pricing and promotions by analyzing GBR data, guest fees, and discounts to reach sales targets.
  • Management: Imagine one of your vacation rental properties starts offering free parking and pet stays, thus attracting more bookings. While this may increase the occupancy rate, it may also skew your GBR. As a manager, monitoring GBR and the costs incurred by such promotions enables you to make informed decisions about your revenue management strategies.

Related Terms

Metrics: Metrics are crucial in the hotel industry and vacation rentals, as they help measure performance and set benchmarks. Examples include occupancy rate, average daily rate (ADR), and Gross Booking Revenue (GBR).

Occupancy Rate: This is the percentage of occupied rooms or properties compared to the total available. It’s a key factor for hotel owners or property managers to evaluate demand and adjust rates accordingly.

Average Daily Rate (ADR): The ADR represents the average rental income earned per room or property for a given time period. It’s calculated by dividing the total rental revenue by the number of rooms or properties rented.

Occupancy: Term used to describe the number of rooms or properties occupied at any given time. High occupancy can imply high demand, while low occupancy might suggest rate adjustments to attract more bookings.

Rates: In the hotel industry and vacation rentals, rates refer to the prices charged for rooms or properties. They fluctuate based on factors like seasonality, demand, and property types.

Property: Properties include hotels, vacation rentals, and other accommodation facilities available for booking by customers via online travel agencies or direct reservation channels.

Hotel Industry: Refers to the business sector that provides guests lodging, meals, and other services in exchange for payment. It includes various segments like luxury hotels, budget hotels, and vacation rentals.

Online Travel Agencies (OTAs): OTAs are web platforms that allow customers to book accommodation, flights, and other travel-related services. They play a significant role in the hotel industry, driving reservations and contributing to Gross Booking Revenue (GBR).

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