Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park: A Visitor’s Guide to Its Majestic Depths

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park: A Visitor’s Guide to Its Majestic Depths

Discover the Majesty of Black Canyon

Nestled amidst the rugged landscapes of western Colorado lies a geological marvel that captivates the senses and stirs the soul: Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park. With its sheer cliffs, deep gorges, and roaring river, this majestic wilderness beckons adventurers and nature enthusiasts to explore its depths and witness the raw power of nature.

Established as a national park in 1999, Black Canyon of the Gunnison is renowned for its dramatic scenery and geological significance. Carved over millions of years by the powerful forces of the Gunnison River, the canyon plunges to depths of over 2,700 feet, creating one of the steepest and most rugged gorges in North America. Its dark, granite walls tower overhead, casting deep shadows and earning the canyon its ominous name.

Stretching for 48 miles along the Gunnison River, the park encompasses a diverse array of ecosystems, from ponderosa pine forests to montane shrublands. Its rugged terrain provides habitat for a variety of wildlife, including mule deer, bighorn sheep, black bears, and golden eagles. Visitors can explore miles of hiking trails, scenic overlooks, and wilderness areas, immersing themselves in the park’s natural beauty and solitude.

But it is the canyon itself that steals the show, drawing visitors from far and wide to witness its awe-inspiring depths and dizzying heights. Whether gazing out from the rim’s edge or descending into the depths on a backcountry trek, the sheer grandeur of Black Canyon of the Gunnison leaves an indelible impression on all who venture into its realm.


Top 3 Facts About Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park


Depth and Width

The Black Canyon of the Gunnison is one of the deepest canyons in the United States, with depths exceeding 2,700 feet (823 meters) at its deepest point. Despite its depth, the canyon is relatively narrow, with widths ranging from 1,100 feet to just 40 feet (335 meters to 12 meters) at its narrowest point.


Age and Formation

The canyon is estimated to be around 2 million years old, making it relatively young in geological terms. It was carved by the erosive forces of the Gunnison River, which has cut through the hard Precambrian rock of the Gunnison Uplift over millennia, exposing ancient rock formations.


River Rapids

The Gunnison River, which carved the canyon, is known for its powerful rapids and challenging whitewater conditions. Within the park, the river drops an average of 34 feet per mile (6.4 meters per kilometer), creating thrilling Class III to Class V rapids that attract experienced kayakers and rafters.

Camping and transportation in Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

info_iconBackcountry camping permits required for wilderness camping opportunities.

How to Get to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park is located in western Colorado, and there are several ways to access the park:

  • By Car: Driving is the most common way to reach Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park. The park has two entrances: the South Rim entrance and the North Rim entrance. From Denver, Colorado, take I-70 west to US-50 west, then follow CO-347 to the South Rim Visitor Center. Alternatively, you can take US-50 west from Montrose, Colorado, to reach the South Rim entrance. To access the North Rim entrance, take CO-92 east from Delta, Colorado.
  • By Air: The nearest major airport to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park is Montrose Regional Airport (MTJ), located approximately 60 miles north of the South Rim entrance. Rental cars are available at the airport, allowing visitors to drive to the park.
  • By Tour: Some tour companies offer guided tours to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park from nearby cities and towns. These tours typically include transportation, guided hikes, and opportunities to explore the park’s scenic viewpoints and attractions.

Places to Stay Near Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

  • Camping in the Park: Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park offers several campgrounds for visitors who want to immerse themselves in nature. The South Rim Campground and North Rim Campground both offer tent and RV camping with basic amenities such as restrooms and picnic tables. Reservations are recommended, especially during the peak season.
  • Hotels and Motels: Nearby towns such as Montrose, Gunnison, and Delta offer a variety of hotels and motels for visitors to choose from. These accommodations range from budget-friendly options to more upscale resorts, providing convenient access to the park’s entrances and amenities.
  • Vacation Rentals: Vacation rentals such as cabins, cottages, and vacation homes are available near the park, offering a home-away-from-home experience for visitors. These rentals may be ideal for families or larger groups looking for more space and privacy during their stay.
  • Backcountry Camping: For those seeking a more rugged and adventurous experience, backcountry camping is available in designated areas within the park. Permits are required for backcountry camping, and visitors should be prepared for primitive camping conditions.
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Best Time to Go to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park



Who’s up for an adventure under the sun? Summer invites you to revel in the park’s full glory.

Dive into these activities:

  • Birdwatching: From peregrine falcons to blue grouse, the park is a sanctuary for bird enthusiasts.
  • Fishing: Cast a line into the Gold Medal Waters for a serene and rewarding experience—just remember the rules.
  • Rock Climbing: For experts looking for a thrill, the canyon offers unrivaled climbing adventures.

Camping in summer is immensely popular. So, to snag the best spot, plan ahead. The warmth, the buzz of wildlife, and the lush greens make for the perfect outdoor escape.



Got a passion for peaceful snowscapes? Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park transforms into a tranquil haven in the colder months. Think of it as your secluded winter retreat. Without a crowd in sight, the park offers serene vistas dusted with snow—perfect for introspective moments or a cozy day indoors with hot cocoa and a classic novel.

Ready to bundle up and brave the cold? Here’s what you can do:

  • Snowshoeing: Stride through a winter wonderland along Oak Flat Loop or Rim Rock Trail. The contrast of the snow against the canyon’s edges is absolutely breathtaking.
  • Cross-Country Skiing: The closed South Rim Drive becomes an unmatched trail for skiing. Glide past some of the park’s most spectacular viewpoints.


As the snow melts away, Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park awakens with new energy. This is the season of rebirth and renewal, perfect for those looking to experience nature’s transformations.

Get ready for a blend of activities:

  • Hiking Trails: As trails become accessible, explore routes like Oak Flat Loop for a wonderful mix of moderate terrain and striking views.
  • Water-based Pursuits: Late spring welcomes back kayakers and those looking to venture down the Gunnison River.
  • Wildlife Watching: Keep an eye out for mule deer and other forest inhabitants as they become more active.

Remember, the unpredictability of spring weather means being prepared is essential. Layers, waterproof gear, and flexibility in your plans will ensure you make the most of this vibrant season.

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Ever dreamed of being enveloped in autumnal hues? Fall brings a palette of vivid colors and crisp air, perfect for outdoor activities before the winter chill sets in.

Here’s what can make your fall trip unforgettable:

  • Riverside Strolls: Rim Rock Trail, starting near the South Rim campground, offers gentle hikes with grand views of the Gunnison River embraced by fall foliage.
  • Horseback Riding: Gallop through Deadhorse Trail or explore the neighboring Gunnison Gorge National Conservation Area. It’s an idyllic setting for a peaceful ride.
  • Stargazing: With up to 15,000 stars visible in the night sky, why not spend an evening under the cosmos? Look out for organized star parties and talks.

Must-See Attractions

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Painted Wall

This massive cliff face, towering over 2,200 feet above the Gunnison River, is one of the tallest sheer cliffs in Colorado. Its colorful streaks, caused by mineral deposits and lichens, give it the name “Painted Wall.

Chasm View

Located near the visitor center, Chasm View offers panoramic views of the canyon and the Gunnison River below. It’s a great spot for taking in the magnitude of the canyon.

North Rim

While less visited than the South Rim, the North Rim offers its own unique perspectives of the canyon. It’s a bit more remote and requires a longer drive to access, but the views are equally impressive.

Helpful Tips: Making the Most of Your Adventure to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

Plan Ahead

Plan Ahead

Research the park’s website and visitor information to familiarize yourself with park hours, entrance fees, and trail conditions before your visit. Make sure to check for any alerts or closures that may affect your plans.

Pack Appropriately

Pack Appropriately

Pack plenty of water, snacks, sunscreen, and appropriate clothing for your visit. Weather conditions can vary, so it’s essential to be prepared for changes in temperature and terrain.

Respect Wildlife

Respect Wildlife

Keep a respectful distance from wildlife and refrain from feeding or approaching them. Remember that you are a guest in their habitat and should observe them from a distance.

Stay Informed

Take Precautions

Be aware of your surroundings and take necessary precautions, especially if hiking in remote areas or along steep terrain. Carry a map, compass, or GPS device, and let someone know your plans before heading out.

black canyon of the gunnison national park2 scaled
black canyon of the gunnison

Frequently Asked Questions about Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

Visitors can enjoy activities such as hiking, wildlife viewing, scenic drives along the rim, ranger-led programs, rock climbing, and fishing.

Yes, there is an entrance fee for Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park. The fee varies depending on the vehicle type and is valid for seven consecutive days.

Yes, there are two campgrounds in the park: South Rim Campground and North Rim Campground. Reservations can be made online through the National Park Service reservation system or on a first-come, first-served basis.

Yes, the park offers ranger-led programs, guided hikes, and talks during the summer months. Check the park’s website or visitor center for schedules and availability.

Yes, fishing is allowed in the Gunnison River within the park. Boating, however, is limited to non-motorized vessels such as kayaks and canoes, and there are no boat ramps within the park.

The weather in the park varies greatly by season. Summers are warm with occasional thunderstorms, while winters are cold and snowy. Spring and fall offer milder temperatures but can still see rapid weather changes.

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