Carlsbad Caverns National Park: An Underground Marvel Unveiled

Carlsbad Caverns National Park: An Underground Marvel Unveiled

Discover Carlsbad Caverns

Ever felt the urge to escape to a place where the desert above mirrors the majesty hidden below? Carlsbad Caverns National Park is your ticket to such an adventure. Spanning a vast 73 square miles in the heart of the Chihuahuan Desert, this gem in southeastern New Mexico is a hiker’s paradise with much more than its iconic deep limestone chambers and breathtaking rocky canyons.

Did you know this natural sanctuary offers over 120 caves to discover? Here’s what’s on tap for your visit:

  • Spectacular Caves: Witness the awe-inspiring formations within Carlsbad Caverns.
  • Outdoor Activities: Lace up for hikes, bird-watching, and marveling at local flora and fauna.
  • Learn and Explore: Join a ranger-guided tour for a deep dive into the park’s rich history.

If you’re planning to stay overnight, remember, the park has your backcountry camping fix but leave the RVs behind—it’s all about getting closer to nature here. Just imagine cozying up under the New Mexico stars!

Established back in 1930, Carlsbad Caverns is not just a delight for explorers but a recognized World Heritage Site. Whether it’s the vastness of the skies in the Guadalupe Mountains or the intricate details of a stalactite, Carlsbad offers a dual-world experience that’s hard to top. Ready to pack your boots and a sense of wonder?


Top 3 Facts About Carlsbad Caverns National Park


Big Room

The Big Room in Carlsbad Caverns is the largest known underground chamber in North America, measuring approximately 4,000 feet (1,220 meters) long, 625 feet (190 meters) wide, and 255 feet (78 meters) high. Its vast size makes it a remarkable geological feature and a highlight of any visit to the park.


Bat Flight Program

Carlsbad Caverns is home to one of the most extensive and accessible bat colonies in the world. Each evening from spring through fall, visitors can witness the incredible sight of thousands of Brazilian free-tailed bats emerging from the cave entrance in search of insects. This phenomenon, known as the Bat Flight Program, attracts visitors from around the globe.


Dark Sky Park

In addition to its underground wonders, Carlsbad Caverns National Park is recognized for its exceptional night skies. The park has been designated as an International Dark Sky Park, making it an excellent destination for stargazing and astronomy enthusiasts. Visitors can marvel at the Milky Way, constellations, and meteor showers against the backdrop of the desert landscape.

Camping and transportation in Carlsbad Caverns National Park

info_iconBackcountry camping permits required for wilderness camping opportunities.

How to Get to Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Getting to Carlsbad Caverns National Park is relatively straightforward, although it depends on your starting point. Here are several common methods of transportation to reach the park:

  • By Car: Driving is the most common way to reach Carlsbad Caverns National Park. The park is located in southeastern New Mexico, approximately 20 miles southwest of the town of Carlsbad. Visitors can access the park via US Highway 62/180, which connects Carlsbad with El Paso, Texas, to the west and Hobbs, New Mexico, to the east. From the highway, follow signs to the park entrance.
  • By Air: The closest major airport to Carlsbad Caverns National Park is the Cavern City Air Terminal (CNM), located in Carlsbad, New Mexico. From the airport, visitors can rent a car and drive approximately 20 miles to the park entrance.
  • By Guided Tour: Some tour companies offer guided tours to Carlsbad Caverns National Park from nearby cities or towns, providing transportation and knowledgeable guides to explore the park’s attractions. These tours may include transportation in a comfortable vehicle, guided hikes, and informative commentary about the park’s geology, history, and wildlife.

Places to Stay Near Carlsbad Caverns National Park

There are several options for lodging and camping near Carlsbad Caverns National Park to suit different preferences and budgets. Here are some popular places to stay or camp:

  • Carlsbad Caverns National Park Campgrounds: The park offers two campgrounds for visitors: the Carlsbad Caverns National Park Campground and the White’s City Campground. Both campgrounds provide tent and RV sites with amenities such as picnic tables, fire rings, and access to restrooms. Reservations are recommended, especially during the peak season.
  • Carlsbad: The town of Carlsbad, located approximately 20 miles from the park entrance, offers a variety of lodging options including hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, and vacation rentals. Visitors can choose from budget-friendly accommodations to more upscale resorts, many of which offer amenities such as swimming pools, restaurants, and complimentary breakfast.
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands: There are dispersed camping opportunities on nearby Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands outside the park boundaries. Visitors can find primitive campsites along dirt roads or in designated camping areas, offering a more secluded and rustic camping experience.
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Best Time to go to Carlsbad Caverns National Park



Summer brings warmer temperatures and longer daylight hours, making it a popular time to visit Carlsbad Caverns National Park. While temperatures can be hot during the day, the caverns provide a cool refuge from the heat. Summer is ideal for exploring the park’s underground wonders, witnessing the nightly bat flight program, and enjoying evening stargazing events. Visitors can also take advantage of hiking trails and scenic drives during the cooler morning and evening hours.



Winter is a quieter time to visit Carlsbad Caverns National Park, with fewer visitors and cooler temperatures. While some park facilities may have reduced hours or closures during the winter months, visitors can still explore the caverns and enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking and birdwatching. The park’s underground chambers provide a warm and sheltered environment, making it an ideal destination for winter exploration. Additionally, winter offers opportunities for stargazing and enjoying the park’s tranquil beauty without the crowds.



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Must-See Attractions

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Big Room

The Big Room is the largest cave chamber in Carlsbad Caverns National Park and one of the largest in the world. Visitors can explore this massive underground chamber on a self-guided tour along well-lit, paved walkways. Marvel at towering stalactites, stalagmites, columns, and other intricate formations as you traverse the Big Room’s vast expanse.

Natural Entrance

Embark on a journey into the depths of the Earth by descending into the cave through the Natural Entrance. This trail leads visitors through a series of switchbacks and offers stunning views of the Chihuahuan Desert landscape as you descend into the caverns.

Bat Flight Program

Experience one of nature’s most captivating spectacles by witnessing the Bat Flight Program at Carlsbad Caverns. From spring through fall, thousands of Brazilian free-tailed bats emerge from the cave entrance each evening in search of insects. Visitors can gather at the Bat Flight Amphitheater to watch this mesmerizing display as bats spiral into the night sky.

Helpful Tips: Making the Most of Your Adventure to Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Plan Ahead

Plan Ahead

Research the park’s attractions, cave tour options, and visitor information before your trip. Check the park’s website for current information on cave tour availability, operating hours, and any seasonal closures or restrictions.

Pack Appropriately

Dress Appropriately

Inside the caverns, temperatures remain a cool and constant 56°F (13°C) year-round. Dress in layers and wear comfortable clothing and sturdy, closed-toe shoes suitable for walking on uneven surfaces. Bringing a light jacket or sweater is recommended, even in warmer months.

Respect Wildlife

Respect the Environment

Help preserve the fragile underground ecosystem by staying on designated trails, avoiding touching or disturbing formations, and refraining from littering. Follow park rules and regulations, including guidelines for photography and wildlife viewing, to minimize your impact on the environment.

Stay Informed

Stay Informed

Before your visit, check for any updates or changes to park operations, including cave tour availability, weather advisories, and park alerts. Stay informed and flexible with your plans to make the most of your time in Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Reservations are highly recommended for cave tours, especially during peak seasons and holidays when tours may sell out in advance. While some cave tours offer same-day ticket sales, availability is limited, and visitors risk not being able to secure tickets for their preferred tour time.

Visitors to the caves should bring comfortable walking shoes with good traction, a light jacket or sweater (even in warmer months), water, and a camera for capturing the stunning formations. Flash photography is not allowed in the caves, so be sure to bring a camera with low-light capabilities or a tripod for stable shots.

While some areas of the caves are accessible for self-guided exploration, many of the park’s most spectacular formations and chambers are only accessible via guided tours. Guided tours are led by knowledgeable rangers who provide insights into the cave’s geology, history, and ecology.

There are no lodges or accommodations within Carlsbad Caverns National Park itself. However, there are lodging options available in nearby towns such as Carlsbad, White’s City, and Guadalupe Mountains National Park. These options include hotels, motels, campgrounds, and vacation rentals.

Pets are allowed in designated areas of Carlsbad Caverns National Park, including paved roads, parking areas, and developed campgrounds. However, pets are not permitted on trails, in caves, or in most other wilderness areas to protect park resources and wildlife. Service animals are exempt from these restrictions but must be kept on a leash at all times.

Entrance fees vary depending on age, vehicle type, and other factors. The entrance fee for private vehicles is $15 per person for visitors aged 16 and older. There are also discounts available for seniors, military personnel, and individuals with disabilities. Entrance fees are valid for multiple days, allowing visitors to explore the park at their leisure.

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