Hot Springs National Park: A Complete Visitor’s Guide with Tips and Stats

Hot Springs National Park: A Complete Visitor’s Guide with Tips and Stats

Discover Hot Springs National Park

Nestled in the Ouachita Mountains of central Arkansas, Hot Springs National Park beckons adventurers, history buffs, and nature enthusiasts alike to its soothing thermal waters and rugged landscapes. Established in 1921, this national park holds the distinction of being the oldest protected area in the National Park System, predating Yellowstone by 40 years.

At the heart of the park lies its namesake, the thermal hot springs, revered for centuries by Native American tribes for their purported healing properties. Today, visitors can still experience these natural wonders while immersing themselves in the rich history and diverse ecosystems that define the park.

Spanning over 5,500 acres, Hot Springs National Park offers a plethora of recreational opportunities, from scenic hikes along its network of trails to leisurely strolls through the historic Bathhouse Row, where ornate bathhouses once catered to the elite seeking relaxation and rejuvenation. Whether you’re embarking on a weekend getaway or a longer exploration, let Hot Springs National Park captivate your senses and ignite your spirit of adventure.


Top 3 Facts About Hot Springs National Park


Historic Bathhouse Row

Hot Springs National Park boasts the only city in the United States that’s actually located within a national park. Bathhouse Row in downtown Hot Springs, Arkansas, is a collection of eight historic bathhouses, some of which date back to the late 19th century, offering a glimpse into the early days of health tourism in America.


Oldest Federal Reserve

The hot springs within the park are not only renowned for their therapeutic benefits but also historically significant as the site of the oldest federal reserve in the United States. Designated as a federal reservation in 1832, Hot Springs Reservation served as a protected area long before it officially became a national park.


Microbial Diversity

Beneath the surface of the thermal waters lies a hidden world of microbial diversity. Hot Springs National Park is home to a wide array of thermophilic bacteria and archaea, thriving in the extreme temperatures of the hot springs, making it an ideal location for studying extremophiles and their potential applications in biotechnology.

Camping and transportation in Hot Springs National Park

info_iconBackcountry camping permits required for wilderness camping opportunities.

How to Get to Hot Springs National Park

Getting to Hot Springs National Park is relatively straightforward, as it’s conveniently located in central Arkansas. Here’s how to reach this natural gem:

  • By Car: The most common way to reach Hot Springs National Park is by car. If you’re traveling from the north or south, Interstate 30 is the primary route. From the east or west, U.S. Route 70 or U.S. Route 270 are major highways that provide access to the area. Once you arrive in Hot Springs, the national park is situated just a few miles north of downtown.
  • By Air: The nearest major airport to Hot Springs National Park is the Bill and Hillary Clinton National Airport in Little Rock, Arkansas, located approximately 55 miles northeast of the park. From the airport, you can rent a car and drive to Hot Springs, or you may opt for shuttle services or ride-sharing options.
  • By Bus: Several bus companies provide service to Hot Springs from various cities in Arkansas and neighboring states. Once you arrive at the Hot Springs Transportation Center, you can take a taxi or ride-sharing service to reach the national park.

Places to Stay Near Hot Springs National Park

There are several options for accommodations near Hot Springs National Park, ranging from hotels and resorts to campgrounds and RV parks. Here are some suggestions:

  • Hotels and Resorts:
    – The Arlington Resort Hotel & Spa: Located in downtown Hot Springs, this historic hotel offers luxurious accommodations and spa services, just minutes away from the national park.
    – The Waters Hotel: Situated on Central Avenue, The Waters Hotel provides modern amenities in a historic setting, with easy access to attractions like Bathhouse Row and the national park.
    – Embassy Suites by Hilton Hot Springs Hotel & Spa: Offering spacious suites and a range of amenities, this hotel is a convenient choice for families and travelers seeking comfort and convenience.
  • Campgrounds:
    Gulpha Gorge Campground: Operated by the National Park Service, Gulpha Gorge Campground is located within Hot Springs National Park and offers tent and RV sites with basic amenities. Reservations are recommended, especially during peak seasons.
    Lake Ouachita State Park: About 30 minutes from Hot Springs, Lake Ouachita State Park offers camping facilities along the shores of the largest lake in Arkansas. Campsites vary from basic tent sites to RV hookups, with amenities such as restrooms, showers, and picnic areas.
  • RV Parks:
    – Catherine’s Landing: Situated on the shores of Lake Catherine, Catherine’s Landing offers RV sites with full hookups, as well as cabins and glamping tents for rent. The resort features amenities like a marina, swimming pools, and recreational activities.
    Hot Springs National Park KOA: This campground provides RV sites with full hookups, along with amenities such as a swimming pool, hot tub, and mini-golf course. It’s conveniently located near the national park and other attractions in Hot Springs.
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Best Time to Go to Hot Springs National Park



Summer is the peak tourist season in Hot Springs National Park, as visitors flock to the area to enjoy outdoor activities and take advantage of the warm weather. Despite the higher temperatures, summer offers ample opportunities for swimming, boating, and picnicking at nearby lakes and rivers. While the park may be more crowded during this time, visitors can still find tranquility by exploring lesser-known trails or visiting attractions during off-peak hours. Be sure to stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun when visiting during the summer months.



Winter in Hot Springs National Park is a tranquil and serene time, with fewer visitors and occasional dustings of snow adding to the park’s charm. While some trails may be closed or icy during winter months, there are still plenty of opportunities for outdoor recreation, such as hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife viewing. The thermal waters are particularly inviting during the colder months, providing a warm and relaxing escape from the winter chill. Visitors can also enjoy cultural events and festivals in the nearby city of Hot Springs, making winter a delightful time to experience the area’s rich history and culture.



Spring is a delightful time to visit Hot Springs National Park, as the weather begins to warm up, and the landscape comes alive with vibrant colors. Wildflowers bloom along the trails, and the thermal waters are especially inviting during cooler spring days. Hiking and exploring the park’s numerous trails are popular activities during this season, with milder temperatures and fewer crowds compared to the summer months. Spring also marks the annual emergence of migratory birds, making it a great time for birdwatching enthusiasts to visit.

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Must-See Attractions

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Bathhouse Row

Bathhouse Row is the heart of Hot Springs National Park and features a row of historic bathhouses along Central Avenue. Visitors can stroll along the promenade, marvel at the grand architecture of these historic structures, and learn about the park’s thermal water history at the Fordyce Bathhouse Visitor Center, which offers guided tours and exhibits.

Hot Springs Mountain Tower

Located atop Hot Springs Mountain, the Hot Springs Mountain Tower provides panoramic views of the surrounding Ouachita Mountains, Hot Springs National Park, and the city of Hot Springs. Visitors can ride the elevator to the observation deck for breathtaking vistas and photo opportunities.

Grand Promenade

The Grand Promenade is a scenic walkway that runs parallel to Bathhouse Row and offers picturesque views of the historic bathhouses, lush landscaping, and the thermal waters of Hot Springs Creek. It’s a perfect spot for a stroll or a relaxing picnic.

Helpful Tips: Making the Most of Your Adventure to Hot Springs National Park

Plan Ahead

Plan Ahead

Before your visit, research the park’s attractions, hiking trails, and amenities to create an itinerary that suits your interests and preferences. Consider factors such as weather, trail conditions, and seasonal events when planning your trip.

Pack Appropriately

Wear Comfortable Shoes

Whether you’re exploring Bathhouse Row, hiking trails, or walking along scenic overlooks, comfortable footwear is essential for enjoying your visit to the park. Choose sturdy, closed-toe shoes with good traction, especially for hiking on uneven terrain.

Respect Wildlife

Respect Wildlife

Hot Springs National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including deer, squirrels, and birds. Keep a safe distance from wildlife and avoid feeding them to prevent habituation and potential conflicts.

Stay Informed

Relax and Rejuvenate

No visit to Hot Springs National Park is complete without experiencing the therapeutic thermal waters. Whether you soak in a bathhouse or simply relax along Hot Springs Creek, be sure to indulge in the park’s rejuvenating waters.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Hot Springs National Park

The hot springs in Hot Springs National Park are natural thermal springs that emerge from the Ouachita Mountains. These geothermal waters flow from the ground at an average temperature of 143°F (62°C) and are known for their mineral-rich properties.

While you cannot soak directly in the hot springs in their natural state, you can experience the therapeutic benefits of the thermal waters at various bathhouses in downtown Hot Springs. These historic bathhouses offer a range of spa treatments and soaking experiences.

Yes, Hot Springs National Park offers over 26 miles of hiking trails that wind through scenic forests, alongside creeks, and up to panoramic overlooks. Trails vary in difficulty, ranging from easy strolls to more challenging hikes.

The best time to visit Hot Springs National Park depends on personal preferences. Spring and fall offer mild temperatures and vibrant foliage, while summer is ideal for outdoor activities. Winter is quieter but can be chilly, with occasional snowfall.

No, there are no entrance fees to visit Hot Springs National Park. The park is one of the few in the National Park System that does not charge an entrance fee.

Hot Springs National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including deer, squirrels, raccoons, and a wide range of bird species. Lucky visitors may also spot foxes, bobcats, and other mammals.

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