Revenue Per Available Listing

Definition: What is RevPAL?

Revenue Per Available Listing (RevPAL) is a vital metric used in the short-term rental (STR) market, including online vacation rental platforms. 

RevPAL is a metric used to determine the profitability of single short-term rental (STR) properties in a specific market, which can help hosts and investors make informed decisions about acquiring new properties or managing existing ones in the same market. It allows you to assess the financial success of your listings by dividing the total revenue by the number of available listings. 

RevPAR, on the other hand, is a metric used in the hotel industry to monitor performance. It calculates the revenue generated by factoring in rooms available and finances generated. The formula for calculating RevPAR is:

RevPAR = Average Daily Rate (ADR) X Occupancy rate

While both RevPAL and RevPAR share similarities, RevPAL focuses on individual listings within the STR market, while RevPAR concentrates on hotel performance as a whole. 

If you’re implementing revenue management strategies for your listings, it’s important to keep track of both total room revenue and rooms revenue. By doing so, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of your property’s performance in comparison to your competitors and the market. Additionally, monitoring metrics such as the Revenue Generating Index can provide insights on optimizing revenue growth.

The Formula for Calculating RevPAR

RevPAR (Revenue Per Available Room) is a key performance metric in the hospitality industry that measures a property’s revenue-generating potential. Let’s dive into the formula that calculates RevPAR.

RevPAR = Room Revenue / Total Available Rooms

To compute RevPAR, you need two variables:

  1. Room Revenue: The total income generated from room sales
  2. Total Available Rooms: The number of rooms in the property available for sale

Occupancy Rate & ADR

In addition to understanding RevPAR, it’s essential to know the Occupancy Rate and the Average Daily Rate (ADR), since these metrics also influence RevPAR:

  • Occupancy Rate = (Total Rooms Sold / Total Rooms Available) x 100
  • ADR = Total Room Revenue / Total Rooms Sold

Combined, they create a more comprehensive formula for RevPAR:

RevPAR = Occupancy Rate x ADR


Let’s look at a couple of examples to make it easier to understand the RevPAR calculation:

Example 1: Hotel A has 20 available rooms and last night reported $4,000 in room revenue.

  • RevPAR = $4,000 / 20 = $200

Example 2: Hotel B has a 70% occupancy rate and an average daily rate of $150.

  • RevPAR = 70% x $150 = $105

Now that you’re acquainted with the RevPAR formula, you can confidently use it to measure your property’s financial performance and enhance your revenue management strategies.

Origin of RevPAR

RevPAL is a term that was coined from the hotel industry’s concept of RevPAR (Revenue per Available Room). RevPAR measures the financial performance of hotels based on occupancy and room rates. 

Similarly, RevPAL has been developed to evaluate the performance of vacation rentals on platforms like Airbnb and Vrbo. With the growing demand for data-driven insights in the short-term rental (STR) industry, RevPAL has become an essential metric for property owners and managers to optimize their listing performance and react to market changes.

Ultimately, RevPAL aims to provide a clear and concise metric to help you improve your vacation rental’s financial performance.

Synonyms and Antonyms

When discussing Revenue Per Available Listing (RevPAL), it’s helpful to know related terms and their opposite concepts. Here are a few relevant entities:

How RevPAL is Used in Practice

RevPAL (Revenue Per Available Listing) is a valuable metric that helps you assess the profitability of short-term rental properties in a specific market. By calculating RevPAL, you can make informed decisions such as acquiring new properties or managing existing ones. 

To calculate RevPAL, you simply divide the total room revenue by the total number of rooms available. This will give you a clear idea of your property’s overall performance and how it compares to other rentals in your area.

Some key benefits of using RevPAL include:

  • Comparing performance across different properties to identify the most profitable ones
  • Optimizing pricing strategies for maximizing revenue
  • Tracking the effectiveness of promotional campaigns and seasonal fluctuations

So, by monitoring and leveraging RevPAL, you can ensure that your short-term rental properties are operating at their highest potential, ultimately making your investment decisions more strategic and profitable.

Examples of RevPAL

You might be wondering how to put RevPAL into practice. Let’s take a look at a couple of examples to illustrate how this metric can be useful for revenue management.

Suppose your vacation rental business has 10 available listings with varying nightly rates. You generate a total revenue of $2,000 for a particular night. To calculate the RevPAL, you just need to divide the total revenue by the total number of available listings:

RevPAL = Total Revenue / Total Available Listings

RevPAL = $2,000 / 10

RevPAL = $200

By tracking this metric over time, you can gain valuable insights into your businesses’ performance. For example, if your RevPAL increases, it indicates that your revenue per available listing is improving – a sign of effective revenue management strategies.

In another scenario, let’s say you want to compare the performance of two different properties with different room capacities. Property A has 20 rooms, while Property B has 30 rooms. Your total revenue for Property A is $5,000, while Property B brings in $6,000. To calculate and compare their RevPAL:

Property A RevPAL = $5,000 / 20 = $250

Property B RevPAL = $6,000 / 30 = $200

Although Property B has more available rooms and higher total revenue, Property A has a higher RevPAL, suggesting better performance.

Keep in mind that RevPAL, like other performance metrics, should not be viewed in isolation. Combining it with other metrics, such as occupancy rate and average daily rate, can provide a more comprehensive picture of your properties’ success. Happy revenue managing!

Related Terms

RevPAR (Revenue per Available Room) is a widely used metric in the hotel industry that measures a property’s performance. It’s calculated by multiplying the hotel’s Average Daily Rate (ADR) by its Occupancy Rate. This helps property managers assess their financial performance and make informed decisions about pricing, room inventory, and marketing strategies.

STR (Short-Term Rental) properties are accommodations rented for short periods, such as Airbnb listings and vacation rentals. RevPAL, a similar metric to RevPAR, is helpful in evaluating the profitability of individual STR properties in a market.

Occupancy Rate refers to the percentage of occupied rooms compared to the total number of rooms available. It’s crucial for understanding demand and making revenue management decisions in the hospitality industry.

ADR (Average Daily Rate) represents the average rate charged for a room per night. It’s calculated by dividing the total room revenue by the number of rooms sold. It helps hoteliers and property managers understand their pricing strategy’s effectiveness and compare their properties with competitors.

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are critical metrics used in various industries, including hospitality, to measure business performance and success. Hoteliers and property managers use KPIs, such as RevPAR, Occupancy Rate, and ADR, to evaluate their businesses and drive growth.

TRevPAR (Total Revenue per Available Room) is another revenue metric that includes not only room revenue but also ancillary revenue generated from other services like food and beverage, parking, and spa treatments. This helps hoteliers better assess their overall profitability and identify new growth opportunities.

GOPPAR (Gross Operating Profit per Available Room) focuses on profitability by considering both revenue and variable costs associated with running a hotel or property. It’s an essential metric for determining a property’s financial health and identifying areas for cost reduction and improvement.

Understanding and tracking these related terms and metrics, such as RevPAR, Occupancy Rate, and ADR, will help you make informed decisions about managing your properties in the hospitality and short-term rental market. They serve as valuable tools for optimizing performance, profitability, and growth.

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