Congaree National Park: A Guide to South Carolina’s Natural Gem

Congaree National Park: A Guide to South Carolina’s Natural Gem

Discover Congaree National Park

Nestled in the heartland of South Carolina lies the remarkable Congaree National Park, a true testament to nature’s splendor. Encompassing over 26,000 acres, this protected area is a sanctuary for a wide array of plants and wildlife. As you wander through the park, you’ll be encompassed by one of the tallest deciduous forests in the southeastern United States, with majestic trees such as bald cypress and loblolly pines towering overhead.

Just a short drive from Columbia, the state’s capital, the Harry Hampton Visitor Center serves as your gateway to the wilderness. From there, numerous trails cater to both the leisurely walker and the avid hiker. If you prefer the tranquility of the water, the adjoining Congaree and Wateree Rivers offer fishing (with a state license), as well as canoeing and kayaking opportunities.

Here, biodiversity thrives, with bobcats, deer, and a plethora of bird species calling this floodplain forest home. Congaree’s role is not solely a haven for wildlife; it’s a living museum, chronicling a rich history from its past as a national monument to gaining UNESCO Biosphere Reserve status.


Top 3 Facts About Congaree National Park


Old-Growth Forest

Congaree National Park is home to one of the largest and oldest stands of old-growth bottomland hardwood forest remaining in the United States. Some of the trees in the park are over 500 years old, with towering bald cypress and water tupelo trees dominating the landscape.


Biodiversity Hotspot

Congaree National Park boasts an incredible array of plant and animal species, including over 75 species of trees, 160 species of birds, and numerous mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. The park’s diverse habitats, including floodplain forests, swamps, and oxbow lakes, support a rich and unique ecosystem.


International Biosphere Reserve

In recognition of its ecological significance, Congaree National Park was designated as an International Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1983. This designation acknowledges the park’s importance as a protected area for conservation and scientific research on biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics.

Camping and transportation in Congaree National Park

info_iconBackcountry camping permits required for wilderness camping opportunities.

How to Get to Congaree National Park

Getting to Congaree National Park typically involves traveling by car, as there are no direct public transportation options to the park. Here’s how to get there:

  • By Car: Congaree National Park is located in central South Carolina, approximately 20 miles southeast of the state capital, Columbia. The park’s main entrance is accessible via Bluff Road (SC-48), which intersects with US-601 near the town of Gadsden. From Columbia, take US-378 East to US-601 South, then turn onto Bluff Road (SC-48) and follow signs to the park entrance.
  • From Columbia Metropolitan Airport: If arriving by air, the closest major airport is Columbia Metropolitan Airport (CAE), about 20 miles northwest of the park. From the airport, travelers can rent a car or arrange for a taxi, ride-share service, or shuttle to reach Congaree National Park.
  • Public Transportation: While there are no direct public transportation options to Congaree National Park, visitors can utilize commercial bus or train services to travel to Columbia, South Carolina. From there, renting a car or arranging for a private shuttle service may be necessary to reach the park.

Places to Stay Near Congaree National Park

While there are no campgrounds within Congaree National Park itself, there are several options for camping and lodging near the park. Here are some places to stay or camp near Congaree National Park:

  • Congaree Campground: Located just outside the park’s entrance, Congaree Campground offers tent and RV camping with full hookups, including water, electricity, and sewer connections. The campground also provides amenities such as restrooms, showers, and picnic tables, making it a convenient option for visitors exploring Congaree National Park.
  • Lodging Options: In addition to camping, visitors to Congaree National Park can find lodging options in nearby towns such as Columbia and Eastover. These options include hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, and vacation rentals, providing a range of accommodations to suit different preferences and budgets.
  • Backcountry Camping: Congaree National Park offers backcountry camping opportunities for experienced wilderness enthusiasts. Backpackers can obtain permits for overnight camping along the park’s designated backcountry trails, allowing them to immerse themselves in the park’s remote and pristine wilderness areas.
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Best Time to Go to Congaree National Park



Summer, from June to August, brings warmer temperatures and longer days to Congaree National Park. While the weather can be hot and humid, summer offers opportunities for paddling, swimming, and enjoying ranger-led programs.

Visitors can explore the park’s trails, boardwalks, and waterways, immersing themselves in the lush greenery and abundant wildlife. Summer evenings are perfect for stargazing, as the clear night skies offer breathtaking views of the stars and constellations above the canopy.



Winter, from December to February, offers a quieter and more serene experience in Congaree National Park. While temperatures may be cooler, the park’s natural beauty remains captivating. Leafless trees reveal intricate patterns of branches against the sky, providing unique opportunities for photography and wildlife observation. Trails are less crowded, allowing visitors to enjoy peaceful hikes and reflective moments in nature. Winter also offers excellent birdwatching opportunities, as resident bird species become more active. Overall, winter provides a tranquil escape for those seeking solitude and connection with the natural world in Congaree National Park.



From March to May, springtime brings renewed life to Congaree National Park. The forest awakens with vibrant greenery and bursts of colorful wildflowers, creating a picturesque backdrop for hiking and nature walks. Migratory birds return to the park, filling the air with their melodious songs, while wildlife becomes more active after the winter months. Mild temperatures make it comfortable for outdoor activities, and the water levels are usually ideal for paddling along the park’s waterways. Spring is an excellent time to witness the park’s biodiversity and experience the beauty of nature coming to life.

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Must-See Attractions

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Boardwalk Loop Trail

The Boardwalk Loop Trail is one of the park’s most popular attractions, offering a scenic stroll through the heart of the old-growth forest. Visitors can walk along elevated boardwalks that meander through the floodplain, providing opportunities to observe towering trees, lush vegetation, and wildlife such as birds, deer, and river otters.

Weston Lake

Weston Lake is a picturesque oxbow lake located within Congaree National Park. Visitors can hike or paddle to the lake, enjoying serene views of the surrounding forest and possibly spot wildlife such as turtles, frogs, and various bird species. Fishing with a valid South Carolina fishing license is also permitted in the lake.

Congaree River

The Congaree River runs through the park, offering opportunities for paddling, fishing, and scenic views. Visitors can embark on a canoe or kayak trip along the river, immersing themselves in the tranquil beauty of the park’s floodplain forests and waterways.

Helpful Tips: Making the Most of Your Adventure to Congaree National Park

Plan Ahead

Plan Ahead

Before your trip, research the park’s trails, activities, and facilities. Check the park’s website for any alerts, closures, or special events that may affect your visit.

Pack Appropriately

Prepare for the Environment

Congaree National Park is a wilderness area with varying terrain and weather conditions. Wear sturdy hiking shoes, dress in layers, and bring insect repellent, sunscreen, and plenty of water. Be prepared for wet and muddy conditions, especially on trails near waterways.

Respect Wildlife

Respect Wildlife

Keep a respectful distance from wildlife and refrain from feeding or approaching animals. Use binoculars and telephoto lenses to observe wildlife from a safe distance and minimize disturbances to their natural behavior.

Stay Informed

Visit in Off-Peak times

Congaree National Park can get crowded during weekends and holidays, especially in the spring and fall. Consider visiting on weekdays or during the winter months for a quieter experience.

congaree national park2 1 scaled
congaree national park 1 scaled

Frequently Asked Questions about Congaree National Park

Congaree National Park is known for its vast old-growth bottomland hardwood forest, which is one of the largest remaining stands of its kind in the United States. The park is also renowned for its diverse ecosystems, wildlife, and recreational opportunities.

Visitors to Congaree National Park can enjoy a variety of activities, including hiking, birdwatching, paddling, camping, fishing, and ranger-led programs. The park offers over 25 miles of hiking trails, as well as opportunities for canoeing and kayaking along the Congaree River and Cedar Creek.

No, there are no entrance fees to visit Congaree National Park. The park is free to enter and enjoy for all visitors.

Yes, camping is allowed in Congaree National Park. The park offers backcountry camping permits for those wishing to camp overnight along designated backcountry trails. There are no developed campgrounds within the park, but nearby private campgrounds offer camping facilities.

Yes, fishing is allowed in Congaree National Park. Anglers can fish in the park’s waterways, including the Congaree River and Cedar Creek, with a valid South Carolina fishing license.

The weather in Congaree National Park varies throughout the year. Summers are hot and humid, with temperatures often exceeding 90°F (32°C). Winters are mild, with temperatures ranging from 30°F to 60°F (-1°C to 16°C). Spring and fall offer pleasant temperatures, but be prepared for occasional rain showers.

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